Rare causes of stroke in young people
ARTICLE PDF (Українська)

Keywords

Fabry Clinic, diagnosis of Fabry disease, treatment of Fabry disease

How to Cite

Borzenkov, S., Svyrydova, N., & Borzenkova, L. (2018). Rare causes of stroke in young people. East European Journal of Neurology, (1(19), 27-30. https://doi.org/10.33444/2411-5797.2018.1(19).27-30

Abstract

One of the reasons that can lead to a stroke in young people is Fabry’s disease. This is one of the rare, genetically determined diseases of the X – linked type of inheritance, belonging to the group of lysosomal diseases of accumulation (synonyms: diffuse universal angiokeratoma, hereditary dystonic lipidosis, deficiency of alpha galactosidase A). The genetics of Fabry disease is due to mutations in the GLA gene characterized by a significant decrease in the activity or absence of the enzyme α-galactosidase A. These deviations result in the accumulation of glycosphingolipids, namely, ceramide accumulated in the cytoplasm or lysosomes of cells of various organs and tissues, disrupting their function, causing ischemia and tissue fibrosis. A specific laboratory diagnosis is the determination of the activity of alpha-galactosidase A. In Fabry’s disease, the activity of alpha-galactosidase A in men in men is always reduced, and in women, the activity of GLA may be near the lower limit of norm, or slightly lower, or normal. In Fabry disease symptomatic therapy and enzyme replacement therapy are used to reduce the severity and prevent the symptoms of Fabry disease. Antiplatelet therapy should be the basis of treatment. With timely access to enzyme replacement therapy, the prognosis is favorable.

https://doi.org/10.33444/2411-5797.2018.1(19).27-30
ARTICLE PDF (Українська)

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